DGUV rules are aimed primarily at the employer and are intended to provide him with assistance with the implementation of his obligations under state employment protection regulations or accident prevention regulations as well as methods to prevent such things as accidents at work, occupational diseases and work-related diseases. Periodic inspections of the delivered load-bearing devices allow safe working and extended use. Type, scope and deadlines are comprehensively regulated in the DGUV rules 100-500 Chapter 2.8:
According to § 3 para. 3 of the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance, the employer shall determine the nature, scope and deadlines of necessary inspections and tests of the work equipment used. These tests are intended to systematically identify and eliminate safety deficiencies. The employer also establishes the prerequisites that the persons appointed by him have to fulfil („Qualified Persons“). The nature, scope and deadlines of the examinations are the best practice and comply with the rules of technology.
Inspection before initial commissioning
The contractor shall ensure that load-bearing equipment is only put into operation when inspected by a qualified person and after any defects have been remedied. The qualified person is someone who, due to his professional training and experience, has sufficient knowledge in the field of load-bearing devices and has knowledge of the relevant state work protection regulations (e.g. union rules, DIN standards, VDI regulations, technical regulations of other member states of the European Union or of other states parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area) to the extent that he can assess the safe workingcondition of load-bearing devices. The test must be organised by the operator prior to the first commissioning. A hazard assessment and operating instructions must be drawn up within the scope of this test.
The company shall ensure that load-bearing equipment is inspected at intervals of at least one year by a qualified person. Inspections at intervals shorter than a year may be required depending on the operating conditions of the load-bearing equipment. This applies, for example, in case of particularly frequent use, increased wear, corrosion, heat or if an increased susceptibility to failure is to be expected.
Scope of inspection
The inspection before the first commissioning and regular inspections mainly constitutes visual and functional tests. These tests shall extend to the examination of the condition of the components and devices, to the correct assembly, as well as to the completeness and effectiveness of the safety devices:
– breakages, deformations or cracks
– damage, severe wear
– corrosion damage
– malfunction of safety devices
Before the visual and functional test, the load-bearing device may require cleaning.
Proof of inspection and maintenance
The professional association may request proof of inspection for other inspections in some individual cases. For load-bearing devices, the proof should be combined with the test certificate of the hoist. The inspection certificates must be presented at the request of the supervisor. It is therefore necessary to store them within reach at all times. The corresponding regulations for inspection (also see DGUV rules 100-500) apply to the supplied or connected accessory parts such as hoisting means (lifting straps, slings, chains, wire cables, etc.) and connecting devices (shackle, hooks, etc.) The company shall ensure that repair work on load-bearing equipment is carried out only by persons who have the necessary knowledge and abilities.
Axzion GKS Steel and Mechanical Engineering GmbH
40764 Langenfeld, Germany
Phone: +49 (0) 2173 208920