The DGUV rules are primarily aimed at the entrepreneur. They are intended to assist him in implementing his obligations under state occupational health and safety regulations or accident prevention regulations and to show ways in which occupational accidents, occupational diseases and work-related illnesses can be prevented.
Regular inspections of the supplied load handling attachments enable safe working and prolonged use.
The type, scope and deadlines are comprehensively regulated in DGUV Rule 100- 500 Chapter 2.8:
According to Section 3 (3) of the Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health, the employer must determine the type, scope and intervals of required inspections of the work equipment used. During these inspections, safety-related deficiencies are to be systematically identified and remedied. The employer also specifies the requirements to be met by the persons appointed by him (“qualified persons”). The type, scope and intervals of the tests are established practice and correspond to the rules of technology.
Inspection prior to initial start-up
The employer must ensure that load handling equipment is only put into operation if it has been inspected by a competent person and any defects found have been rectified. An expert is someone who has sufficient knowledge in the field of load handling attachments due to his professional training and experience and who is familiar with the relevant state occupational health and safety regulations, accident prevention regulations and generally recognized rules of technology (e.g. BG rules, DIN standards, VDI regulations, technical rules of other member states of the European Union or other contracting states of the Agreement on the European Economic Area) to such an extent that he can assess the safe working condition of load handling attachments.
The test before the first commissioning must be organized by the operator. A risk assessment and operating instructions must be drawn up as part of this inspection.
The employer must ensure that load handling attachments are inspected by an expert at intervals of no more than one year. Depending on the operating conditions of the load handling attachments, inspections may be required at shorter intervals than one year. This applies, for example, in the case of particularly frequent use, increased wear, corrosion, severe heat exposure or if increased susceptibility to failure is to be expected.
Scope of inspection
The inspection before initial start-up and regular inspections are essentially visual and functional tests. They refer to the inspection of the condition of the components and equipment, to the intended assembly as well as to the completeness and effectiveness of the safety devices:
– Fractures, deformations or cracks
– damage, severe wear
– corrosion damage
– Malfunctions of safety devices
Prior to the visual and functional inspection, it may be necessary to clean the load suspension devices beforehand.
Proof of inspection and maintenance
For other tests, the Employer’s Liability Insurance Association may require proof of testing in individual cases. In the case of load-bearing equipment, the proof of testing should be combined with the proof of testing of the hoist. The test certificates must be presented to the supervisor on request. It is therefore necessary that they are kept within reach at all times.
In the case of supplied or connected accessories such as slings (lifting slings, round slings, chains, wire ropes, etc.) and lanyards (skulls, hooks, etc.), the corresponding regulations for testing apply (see also DGUV Rule 100-500).
The employer must ensure that repair work on load handling attachments is only carried out by persons who have the necessary knowledge and skills.
SpanSet Axzion GmbH
40764 Langenfeld, Germany
Phone: +49 (0) 2173 208920